Kula Deivam or Tutelary
and Family Deities
If you read the texts on History and origin of Hindu deities and customs, you will find that the narrations of the pundits on the creation of universe as stated in my previous articles ending up to Part-6 are true. The texts in them reveals that even in the second millennium when people lived a primitive life, the worship of divine in some unknown form was prevalent (there were no religions or caste divisions as well) before the Aryan invasion. Only after Aryan’s landed in Asian region, especially in India, some division in mankind began to surface so say the historians. Initially humans worshiped something beyond their imagination –calling them as nature. It culminated into worship of unknown fairies and spirits whom they thought possessed supernatural powers beyond them. This belief on spirits further rolled down to the acceptance of unknown angels in many appearances. As mankind began to civilize, the unknown angels were further given some shapes and appearances and became Village deities and Village guardian deities.
Everything happened to the fine-tuned plan of Lord Brahma, whose ultimate aim was to establish the tutelary worship on earth, lest he cannot get the sinner and cursed Deva ganas in Parabrahma loga redeem their sins and curses. And unless the sins and curses of the Deva ganas are removed, some of them cannot get back their divinity again at the end of the penance period. Brahman norm was two fold. First during the period of punishment on earth, the sinned and cursed ganas will be stripped of their little divine powers, and they have to assist and work under the tutelary deity till punishment period gets over. Secondly by making them work under tutelary deity, they will be well trained on divine acts and some of them can even be elevated as some form of deities. One may wonder as to why when tutelary and other deities were assigned the task of guarding and guiding the mankind in a space, the same space further required more Village deities17, Guardian deities17a, extra stalkers on space like Evil and Good Spirits16a, Ghosts, Ahriman, Minerva etc16b.
In earlier parts of my article, I had mentioned that before sending souls into space on earth, Lord Brahma divided the spaces into several divisions, each imbibed with several qualities, the qualities which were not uniform with one another, and the souls which reached there absorbed those qualities which were in the form of energy rays. The qualities were negative and positive in nature and in the form of energy rays. Here too Lord Brahma deliberately left one issue open. Similar to the freedom given to the souls to choose their destination on spaces, Lord Brahma’s norms mysteriously did not specify the quantum of energy rays to be absorbed by those who landed in that space and the extent of energy rays to be absorbed was also left to the discretion of the souls.
15b(ref:Part-5),16a and 16b Some of the sinner souls when reached the space absorbed more negative energy rays, more than what they should, due to which they instantly became invisible spirits and floated on space. The mysterious and hidden norm of Brahman was that the souls which absorbed the negative energies beyond maximum allowed, the limit of which of course was also not deliberately made known to them, will instantly become invisible floating ghosts and spirits. This is the reason why those sinned Deva ganas unknowingly became spirits and ghosts. One thing needs to be clarified here. The nature of sins acquired by the Deva ganas in Parabrahma loga is different from the one who gets it on earth. Both are different. Those Deva ganas and divines which deliberately evaded their duties in Parabrahma loga were afflicted with sin, which was considered to be more heinous crime than the sin acquired by one on earth. This is precisely the reason why they were sent to earth to atone their sins and curses by struggling between humans and divines for long periods till some divine comes forward to pardon and relieve them of their curses and sins. Only then the sins and curse relieved ganas can get back their original status. This was the Brahman norm. After struggling between humans and divines, the sinner and cursed ganas would attain the status of Village deities or Guardian deities(angel) in the same space where they were pardoned by the tutelary deity.
Those spirits which struggled on space carrying curses (not sinner ganas) were originally Deva ganas earmarked by Brahma to become tutelary deities and other divines, but unfortunately since they were afflicted with curses in Parabrahma loga, they had to undergo punishment for certain period of time on earth to redeem the curses. When the spirits (sinner ganas) were in the earthly space which was under the command of some of the tutelary deities, the additional burden of tackling them fell on the shoulders of the tutelary deities. Lord Brahma felt that in such a situation, the tutelary deities not only have to additionally exert, but also would lose their energy unnecessarily in such an exercise and therefore in those sphere the tutelary deities should be assisted by some subordinate ganas such as Village deities and Guardian deities. They can remain invisible ambassadors inside the bodies of some humans and liaise between the humans and tutelary deities to sort out various issues till such time their penance period gets over so that they attain certain divine powers. The Brahma norm was accordingly set.
15a (ref:Part-5) and 17Like the sinned Deva ganas who were sent to earth to turn into evil spirits and ghosts, some of the cursed divines and Deva ganas too landed on space to redeem their curses by taking the forms of Village deities and Guardian deities and to serve as subordinate ganas of the tutelary deities. At the end of the successful penance, some of them became even tutelary deities18 in the same spaces where their curses and sins were relieved. Next issue was who empowered to grant relief to cursed and sinner ganas and divines?
It was Brahma norm that only those tutelary deities in whose space the cursed and sinner Deva ganas landed and took some form to serve the tutelary deities for certain period of time was empowered to grant relief to the sinner and cursed ganas and divines. How was the process put to action?
Once the cursed ganas reached the space where they were to serve under the tutelary deities, for some time they remained invisible and then entered into the body of some humans, mainly that of females, and ensured that the commands of the tutelary deities were carried out through those humans who were unaware that they were forced into the act by some unknown ganas sitting inside them. Once those ganas entered into the body of some humans, they were bestowed with certain powers with which the ganas could perform acts of bravery and other impossible human acts for the benefit of those spaces and humans who lived there. In this manner those humans which were unknowingly acting to the dictum of the ganas inside them became prominent amongst the humans and commanded respect in those spaces. After their demise, they were buried in some place, samadhi raised and people occasionally performed small functions and garlanded the samadhi in respect of those demised humans.
As the next move of the drama, those ganas inside the humans appeared in the dreams of some of the villagers or spoke through those who were afflicted with trance in village festivals to publicly convey that they were such and such divine and if they were worshiped and prayers offered to them in that Samadhi sthal, all their problems would be redressed. Simultaneously certain deliberate and artificial problems were created to some of the humans who had no choice but to seek divine intervention to get relief. Unable to get relief elsewhere , they went to those sthal and offered prayers as commanded to them. Their problems began to vanish. At the same time the genuine problems of others and the nature’s fury were also contained by the hidden ganas through the intervention of their master tutelary deities, the secret of which were not known to humans. The humans installed idols and statues on those sthal as commanded by the invisible ganas and began to offer worship as village deity. Thus the sinned and cursed Deva ganas got recognition as Village deities, the first step towards getting their curses reversed and to become tutelary deities18a through their master tutelary deities as originally planned by Lord Brahma.
The Village deities were given some responsibilities and powers. Though the Village deities with those limited powers cannot answer the prayers of devotees for personal benefits, they were noble enough to get the boons bestowed through their master tutelary deity. At the same time, even with those limited powers given to them, the Village deities were able to prevent the evil spirits and demonic spirits from entering into the village and drive them out from the village. Further the Village deities could effectively prevent the natural disasters causing destruction in the villages. However the ghosts and evil spirits could not be destroyed by them because they were created by Lord Brahma. Even if they seemed to have been destroyed outwardly it was only a mirage. On completion of the period of punishment, the evil spirits went back to their original destination in Deva loga.
15(ref:Part-5) and 17a Similarly, the first line of ganas to help the Village deities were also created. Who were they? They were the sinners from Deva ganas, especially the one who acquired the maximum sin during their stay in Parabrahma loga. They too came to earth, entered into human’s bodies, displayed heroic acts through them and at the end of the penance period they became Village Guardian angels or deities to help the Village deities. The ultimate purpose of getting them manifest there was to protect the borders of the villages ensuring that the ghosts and evils are prevented from entering into the village. Once they successfully fulfilled their obligations in that capacity, then they got relieved of their sins and returned back to Deva loga or when they failed to successfully perform their duties, they continued to serve under the Village deities for many yugas in the same capacity of Village guardian deity.
Thus when the news of the sorrows and sufferings of the families which began to get destroyed by praying the Village deities became public, the fame of the village deities further spread in the villages. Over a period of time, village deities appeared in the dreams of some of the commoners and commanded them to accept them as their family god and worship them in a particular manner. The sufferings of those families who offered worship to the village deity when begin to recede, partly with the discreet support of the Village deity’s master tutelary deities, more families begin to consider the Village deity as the one who not only guard the villages but also their family and therefore accepted them as their family deity. 18 and 18aThus the Village deities slowly marched into the bandwagon of tutelary deities. As the performance of the Village deities began to increase, more and more powers due to a tutelary deity was also continuously bestowed on them by Lord Brahma. This is the story of how some of the Village deities attained the status of a tutelary deity.
Is there norm exist as to how many Village deities can manifest in a space? When Lord Brahma sent divines to spaces, he ensured that, in a space for few hundreds of families, certain no of tutelary deities, Village deities and other guardian deities would be needed and accordingly he sent the ganas there to manifest in those forms. However, the Pundits were unable to explain details on them. It is generally believed that for each space there would be one or two villager deities, a guardian angel and one or two other gods including tutelary deity.
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